Glossary of Terms
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| H | N | P | Q | S | W
- A molding with a symmetrical, tapered profile used to create panels
and for horizontal banding in cornice, wainscoting and pilaster assemblies.
See profiles 2-2, 2-3, 2-4, & 2-5.
- A molding used on the outside edge of a casing to add a square edge
and to increase the casing thickness necessary for certain wainscoting
installations. See profiles 14-23 &
- A square or rectangle stair member with a beaded profile used under
the handrail as an alternative to a turned baluster in a stair rail
assembly. See details 90, 91,
93 & profiles 75-5,
75-6 & 75-7.
- Base Block
- Also called a plinth block, this profiled block is installed at the
base of a door casing and is thicker than the door casing and the baseboard.
It's primary purpose is as a termination point and a meeting point for
the casing and baseboard. See details 47,
48 & 49.
- A molding or assembly of two moldings horizontally installed at the
base of a wall. See details 77 &
- Base Cap
- The upper portion of a baseboard assembly used in conjunction with
a baseboard to additional height and detail. See details 77
- A symmetrical molding covering the seam in a batten wainscoting assembly.
See detail 80.
- Bed Molding
- A family of profiles used for both interior and exterior decoration.
May be installed under window sills and watertables and is also used
in the assembly of cornices and beams. See details 44
& 45 and Profiles 8-10
- Box Cornice
- A construction assembly of flatstock and moldings used in the creation
of large architectural elements including main cornices at the top of
buildings, window hoods, portico boxes over main entryways. See Details
43 & 44.
- Also known as a Corbel, this element is used as a support to an architectural
element. Made in wood or cast in Gypsum. Can be found on main cornices
at the top of buildings, supporting window hoods, porticos over main
entries, mantles, shelves, interior arches and beam ceilings. See details
74 & 75.
- The decorative cap used on round columns and flat pilasters. See details
57, & 62.
- A molding or assembly of moldings framing doors and windows varying
in detail. See Mitered casings detail 47,
Hooded casings detail 48 and blocked
casings detail 49.
- Architectural castings have been used for centuries in traditional
architecture as an efficient and effictive way to enhance both interior
and exterior surfaces of buildings. This unique selection is hand
cast in our San Francisco studio by skilled artisans using traditional
techniques to ensure the finest detail common to the medium. Cast shells
with fiber reinforcement, our castings provide strength and minimal
weight for ease of shipping and installation.
- A decorative medallion or rosette round, oval or square, applied to
the center of the ceiling at the light fixture. Purely for decoration
and to soften the point of attachment of the fixture to the ceiling.
Please use our selection guide
to assist your choice.
- Chair Rail
- A molding applied directly against the plaster wall parallel to the
floor and baseboard. It is generally placed 30 to 40 inches above the
floor. Provides horizontal definition and protection of plaster walls.
- Corner Bead
- A molding that fits into an inside or outside corner where a mitered
joint would not be practical. Used for both interior and exterior decoration.
See profiles 51-12 & 50-13.
- Corner Block
- A square block with a turned center profile used as a decorative alternative
to mitered casings at the top of doors and windows.
- A molding or combination of moldings applied where the wall meets
the ceiling. Used to crown the wall to enhance and detail the transition
between wall and ceiling. Cornice size is determined by ceiling height.
Cornices are made from wood and plaster. Plaster cornices allow for
more detail and relief. See design detail
- Cove Molding
- A style of moldings with a distinctive concave shape.
Shields & Gable Ornaments
- A series of applied ornaments made from wood and cast plaster. Used
to add definition and relief on walls, gables and over doors and windows.
- Crown Molding
- A family of molding derived from early Greek
Cyma Recta styles. Used to cap walls, pilasters,
cabinets and to create interior and exterior cornice assemblies, door
and window hoods.
- A decorative lineal molding with progressive vertical cuts in its
face resembling teeth. In smaller versions set into the face of crown
moldings for the interior cornices. Used on the exterior in larger versions
made from gypsum and wood. See D-1, D-4,
D-3 or Gypsum 356-02.
- A relief molding consisting of an egg-shaped detail alternating with
an arrow or darts between each one. Cast of gypsum and used on interior
and exterior cornices.
- False Beam Ceilings
- This hollow design gives the impression of heavy timber construction.
See details 8, 11,
- A decorative shaped wreath, floral pattern, or fabric pattern in a
continuous detail found on exterior frieze panels on the face of buildings
or as part of an interior cornice system.
- A large individual molding or assembly of moldings mitered around
the facing of a fireplace.
- Flat Stock
- A random length of flat board with square edges and no detail. Also
referred to as S4S material or "surfaced four sides."
- A series of moldings with concave grooves (flutes) cut into the face.
Used for creating pilasters around windows,
doors and cabinets. See details 50,
- The panel between the picture rail and the crown. See details 1,
2 and 18.
- A molding with a profile cut on one edge used as a foundation for
- A family of moldings with a half profile in varying diameters. Used
to create horizontal and vertical bands and relief on flat surfaces.
- The uppermost part of the stair balustrade used for stability or gripping
as you ascend or descend a stairway.
- Head Block
- A large rectangular decorative block similar in use to the corner
block. While the corner block is always square, head blocks are larger,
highly detailed and milled in unusual shapes. Used at the tops of doorways
and windows. See Detail 49.
- Header Crowns for Doors
- An assembly of moldings designed to achieve a crowning effect to the
doorway. It uses a crown molding mitered around a piece of flat stock
mounted horizontally above the doorway. See details 48,
53 & 54.
- The main posts at the bottom of the stairway balustrade system used
to terminate the balusters and handrail components. See details 90,
- A molding that combines half and cove profiles used to terminate stair
treads, porch landings and furnish detail at newel posts columns. See
profiles 55-1 and 55-4.
- A large variety of molding profiles varying in size and shape used
to create and/or define panels either on flat or recessed surfaces.
Used for interior and exterior details on doors, cornices,
wainscoting, mantles, etc.
- Parting Bead
- A small narrow molding used to separate and guide the upper and lower
window sash in Victorian double hung wood windows.
- A constructed ornamental cap for a window or door supported by brackets,
corbels, or pilasters. See details 52,
55 & 57.
- A molding mounted horizontally on a wall below the ceiling or cornice.
Used to hang pictures or to define the frieze area under the cornice.
Available in wood and plaster.
- A flat fluted molding assembled vertically with a pilaster
cap and base to simulate flat columns. Used on windows, doors &
mantles. See details 57, 62
- Plate Rail
- A shelf crown profile that projects from the wall with grooves cut
in the top to display dishes vertically. Used in dining rooms, kitchens
and restaurants. Apply at least six feet from the floor with coves and
bed molding underneath to create a smooth transition to the wall.
- Similar in detail and construction to a pediment
but larger and projected further from the building. This creates an
ornamental overhang that is sometimes adorned with balustrade
on the roof. See detail 61 Simple
- A molding with quarter circle profile used in corners to create a
transition from one surface to another.
- Shoe Rail
- A small molding generally mounted at the bottom of a baseboard and
the floor. Sometimes referred to as a base shoe.
- A molding mounted horizontally at the base of a window. Tied intricately
with both the interior and exterior window construction, the sill provides
a terminus for the window casing. See details 27,
29 and 30.
- Stop Molding
or Window Stop
- A small molding holding the upper and lower window sash in place on
double hung Victorian windows.
- Stucco Molding
- A molding designed to be attached to wood windows and doors used as
a transition and a stopping point for the exterior stucco covering the
house. See profiles 50-7, 50-8
- A group of moldings assembled to create an entire wall covering system.
Built into and over the walls from floor to ceiling depending on the
design and complexity of style. Basic groups include: Tongue
& Groove - detail 78;
Board & Batten - detail 77
& 83; Paneled - details
- A cap molding for wainscoting made in various styles.
- Wood Molding
- A plane, or curved, narrow surface, either sunk or projecting, used
for decoration by means of the lights and
shades upon its surface. Moldings vary greatly in pattern, and are often
used in groups, the different members of each group projecting or retreating,
one beyond another.